Course: Biology and Genetics II

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Course title Biology and Genetics II
Course code 2150/H4BI2
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson + Seminary
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Bártová Eva, Doc. MVDr. Ph.D.
Course content
Lectures 1. CYTOGENETIC, METHODS OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Cytogenetic, chromosomes, karyotypes. Mutation - genetic, genomic (numeric aberation), structural aberation, syndroms. Meiosis, gametogenesis, recombination of genetic information. Metods of molecular biology DNA isolation, PCR, electrophoresis, restriction analysis of DNA, sequencing. 2. MENDELIAN AND NONMENDELIAN INHERITANCE Genetic of quantitative trait on the level of individuum. Mendelian inheritance, Mendel laws and conditions, terminology, monohybridism, dihybridism. Gene interactions. Genetic linkage, Morgan´s laws. Inheritance and sex - sex linked, sex influenced, sex limited and sex controlled. Nonmendelian inheritance maternal inheritance, maternal effect, inheritance linked to infectious agens, genome imprinting, trinucleotid repeats, complex traits. 3. QUANTITATIVE GENETIC, POPULATION GENETIC, EVOLUTION Genetic of quantitative trait on the level of population, polygene inheritance. Hardy-Weinberg law, genetic equalibrium and conditions, changes in genetic equalibrium. Evolution mechanisms, Darwinism, Lamarcism, microevolution, speciation, macroevolution. Practicals 1. Molecular biology preparing tissues for DNA issolation.Genetic example monohybridism 2. Genetic examples dihybridis, polymorphic genes, examples for blood groups in humans and animals. 3. Molecular biology DNA isolation, PCR 4. Genetic examples gene interactions, genetic linkage 5. Molecular biology restriction reaction of PCR product. Genetic examples genetic and sex, nonmendelian inheritance 6. Molecular biology - electrophoresis of DNA, visualisation and evaluation. Genetic examples population genetics, quantitative genetic

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified, unspecified, unspecified, unspecified, unspecified, unspecified
Learning outcomes
The goal of study is to extend the knowledge of genetics obtained at secondary schools to get the essentials for subsequent study of applied biological disciplines taught at the Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology - bachelors. The study will be aimed at the chromosomal basis of inheritance, Mendelian inheritance patterns, population genetics and application of genetic laws in medicine and agriculture. In practical exercises, emphasis is laid on genetics, mitotic cell division and environmental factors affecting the bioplasm.

Prerequisites
unspecified

Assessment methods and criteria
unspecified
Recommended literature
  • Alberts et al.: Základy buněčné biologie. 2001, Espero Publishing, Ústí nad Labem. Nečas O a kol.: Obecná biologie. 2000, H a H, Jinočany. Šmarda J.: Genetika pro gymnázia. 2003, Fortuna Praha. Rosypal S.: Úvod do molekulární biologie 1-3. 1999-2000, Brno (Rosypal - vlastní náklad). Raven P.H., Johnson G.B.: Biology, 4. vydání. 1996, WBC/Times Mirror Company Weaver R.F., Hedrick P.W.: Genetics, 3. vydání. 1997, WCB/Mc Graw-Hill, USA. .
  • Bártová, Halová, Papoušek. Biologie a genetika - návody na cvičení. VFU Brno, 2014. ISBN 978-80-7305-699-5.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology Food Safety and Quality (1) Veterinary medicine and veterinary prevention 1 Summer